brain development http://www.kplu.org en Orphans' Lonely Beginnings Reveal How Parents Shape A Child's Brain http://www.kplu.org/post/orphans-lonely-beginnings-reveal-how-parents-shape-childs-brain Parents do a lot more than make sure a child has food and shelter, researchers say. They play a critical role in brain development.<p>More than a decade of research on children raised in institutions shows that "neglect is awful for the brain," says <a href="http://dms.hms.harvard.edu/neuroscience/fac/Nelson.php">Charles Nelson</a>, a professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and Boston Children's Hospital. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 17:05:02 +0000 Jon Hamilton 14017 at http://www.kplu.org Orphans' Lonely Beginnings Reveal How Parents Shape A Child's Brain Brains Sweep Themselves Clean Of Toxins During Sleep http://www.kplu.org/post/brains-sweep-themselves-clean-toxins-during-sleep While the brain sleeps, it clears out harmful toxins, a process that may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's, researchers say.<p>During sleep, the flow of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain increases dramatically, washing away harmful waste proteins that build up between brain cells during waking hours, a <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/content/342/6156/373">study</a> of mice found.<p>"It's like a dishwasher," says <a href="https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/people/23788299-maiken-nedergaard">Dr. Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:59:43 +0000 Jon Hamilton 10532 at http://www.kplu.org Brains Sweep Themselves Clean Of Toxins During Sleep Babies learn language before birth, say Tacoma and Seattle researchers http://www.kplu.org/post/babies-learn-language-birth-say-tacoma-and-seattle-researchers <p></p><p>A team led by Professor Christine Moon of Pacific Lutheran University, tested newborn babies in Tacoma and Stockholm, Sweden. Moon said they played recordings of a distinctly American English vowel sound and a Swedish one, and tested the babies responses by measuring the one thing a day-old baby is really good at: sucking on a pacifier. Their sucking patterns reveal that babies show a familiarity with the vowel sounds of their mother tongue even at birth, suggesting they’ve been listening carefully in utero.</p> Wed, 02 Jan 2013 23:52:30 +0000 Gabriel Spitzer 7479 at http://www.kplu.org Babies learn language before birth, say Tacoma and Seattle researchers